Electronic Communication in Developing Countries: Explanatory Theory, Volume 2

A few years ago, respondents in developing countries had never used the internet or even had electricity to charge a cell phone; but now, respondents overwhelmingly report that they are using computers and cell phones to send e-mail, play games, access information, listen to music, bank, develop literacy skills, and enroll in e-courses. Developing countries are using cellular telephones and internet interconnectivity even more than countries nearly saturated with these devices and conveniences. What can we learn from African, Asian, South American, Middle Eastern countries and even island countries like Jamaica, Maldives and the Philippines? This collection of data comes at a critical time for exploring shifts in communication practices that are occurring in all nations. It introduces explanatory theory from a student’s viewpoint to complete the BRICS country overview and add 18 countries worthy of observation. Some are carefully watched to see if they pass over into developed country status. All are experiencing infrastructure problems. Their technology in many cases is leapfrogging into usage patterns seen in the US, Canada, and Western Europe.

The purpose of this scholarship is to acknowledge the uniqueness of culture in each of the countries observed without attempting to impose a western framework of interpretation upon the communication behaviors. This is exploratory research accomplished by many who spoke the language of the country they investigated. We hope that this book inspires continued dialogue on the influences of electronic communication and falls outside the purview of readers’ daily lives, providing a window into these developing nations.

Globalization and Responsibility: Challenges and Opportunities

This book provides students and scholars with a collection of thought provoking contributions focusing on the nexus of globalization and responsibility. With a concise introduction to the globalization debate and an overview of business corporations’ role in globalization’s multifaceted processes, the essays in the volume address a wide range of pressing issues concerning challenges and opportunities for responsible business and management. Some provocative arguments in the essays touch upon the dimension of morality and the issue of potential and actual (in)justice resulting from the global economic development. Incorporating respect for human rights into corporate governance and making it a worldwide standard practice is of pivotal importance. To this end, contributors in this book argue that corporate governance should be made more transparent by expanding accountants' roles to include a report on corporate activities relating to human rights protection.

But despite the various fundamental challenges for business and management, such as addressing how to combat poverty and injustice, it is also argued with reference to Spinoza’s Ethics that profit-seeking in business should not be regarded as inherently immoral or unethical. Other essays in the book further explore the complex social-psychological foundation and conditions for responsible individual behavior in relation to business ethics. Drawing on Maslow's famous "Hierarchy of Needs" the psycho-moral foundation of self-transcendent behaviour is further explored as the difficulty of taking the perspective of “Others” is discussed. The book ends with a positive note suggesting that the egoistic utility maximization seeking motive, the bedrock of the conceptualization of the homo oeconomicus, may in fact provide the key for ensuring responsible individual behavior if it is embedded in the idea of love.