Globalization, Transnational Issues, and Global Governance: Cooperation or Power Struggle?

Globalization changed the way states and people interact with each other. Many issues that traditionally fall within a state’s domestic jurisdiction transformed into transnational issues. States have to collaborate, create problem-solving and cooperation mechanisms, and constitute an effective global governance system to cope with these issues. In this study, the impact of global cooperation and power struggles among developed and developing countries on the constitution of a global governance system that can address transnational challenges will be analyzed. To this aim, an increasing number of transnational issues that strain state-capacities (such as climate change, terrorism, and global financial crises, and the importance of a global governance system that enhances global cooperation and coordination to solve these issues) will be scrutinized. The impact of political struggle and an international system increasingly divided between developed and developing countries on the constitution of an effective global governance system will be evaluated. It is expected that power struggles among developing and developed countries will slow down the process to reform the global decision-making mechanisms and restructure the international organizations in a way that enhances the effectiveness of the global governance framework. Strong leadership, multilateral action, and collective problem-solving among the developed and developing countries are needed.

The Foreign Policy of LGBT Rights: Russia’s Reaction and Resistance to US Policy

This article examines the LGBT movement in Russia from its first Pride parade in 2006 to the reaction over the Sochi Olympics, as well as the 2011 foreign policy change in the US to promote LGBT rights abroad as part of its broader human rights foreign policy strategy. The comparison highlights a distinct trend between Russia’s treatment of the LGBT community and its attitude toward the West, indicating that LGBT equality is an issue caught in larger geopolitical tensions. While an important moment, the Sochi Olympics is only a part of larger trend toward anti-LGBT sentiments that have been growing in Russia since the late 2000s. More frequently, anti-LGBT sentiments are continually linked to anti-West attitudes. Indeed, some Russian LGBT activists are quickly turning away from Western involvement and aid. Thus this article examines the questions: Is there thus an overarching correlation between the rise of the US promoting LGBT rights internationally and Russia’s increased hostility toward the community? Has US foreign policy been one of the key drivers behind Russia taking up the mantle of anti-LGBT policies? What are some of the short-term effects and potential long-term gains of this policy?

The Death of International Aid (Development): Developing a New Discourse about African Development

Most African countries have depended on international aid post-independence. This dependency has led to a cycle of debt in most African countries. This has ushered in a new era that Dr. Kwame Nkrumah calls neocolonialism. To this day, all colonized states continuously fight the urge to untangle the tentacles of imperialism from the West. This article looks at how international development is used as a tool in international communication to move forward the agenda of Western imperialism. Thereafter, the study introduces development communication, a discipline in communication studies, as a way and means of giving African countries a platform to engage in development in a more communal and dignified way.