The Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for Natural Disaster Management in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka, being a small island in the Indian Ocean, is prone to natural disasters such as floods, landslides, droughts, cyclones, lightning strikes, coastal erosion, and tsunamis, which kill a number of people and destroy properties each year. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) play a significant role in natural disaster management in many countries; however, the Sri Lankan ICT development index was 3.77 in 2016, a low record in comparison to other countries. In this context, we need to probe into why ICTs have not been successfully used for natural disaster management and how ICTs can be effectively used in natural disaster management in Sri Lanka? Therefore, this study examines the use of ICT in natural disaster management in Sri Lanka. The specific objectives are to identify the role of ICT in natural disaster management and issues and implications involving the use of ICT in natural disaster management. Mixed methods will be used to achieve the aim and objectives of the research. Data will be randomly collected using 200 questionnaires. Questionnaires will be distributed among the respondents in Matara Divisional Secretariat division of Sri Lanka, which is affected by many natural disasters each year. In-depth interviews will be conducted with experts in natural disaster management and administrative officers in responsible authorities in Sri Lanka. The analysis will be done qualitatively and quantitatively.

Revisiting the Impact of Age on Job Satisfaction: A Global Comparative Examination

Prior research has identified three primary findings related to job satisfaction and age. The first is that satisfaction reflects a U-shaped cycle in which employees are satisfied with their work early in their careers followed by a dip in satisfaction and then an increase, which continues until retirement. A second finding is that satisfaction decreases with age due to burn-out, disillusionment, or pressure to retire. The third is that there is no relationship between age and satisfaction or indication that satisfaction remains constant with age. These studies reflect various contexts and time periods. The current study provides a comparative analysis of the impact of age and job satisfaction globally based on non-panel longitudinal data from the most recent wave of the International Social Survey Program (Work Orientations IV 2015). The study updates and extends previous research by exploring the impact of changing employment and economic conditions in cross-national contexts.

Back to the Future: Post-Cold War US National Security Strategy and American Hegemony under the Trump Administration

Evaluating international political strategy includes critiquing the desired future implied in the strategy. Political strategy focuses on trend alteration regarding prevailing polity perceptions, elite composition, polity attitudes, and polity values to actualize a desired political future regarding the nature of the target of the strategy. Critical evaluation of a strategy focuses on the assumptions and capabilities underpinning this effort by the initiator state at trend alteration. US security challenges in Eurasia are legacy issues from the Cold War. The Cold War containment strategy instruments and interests originally targeting the Soviet threat that the US created and developed continue to shape the political discourse regarding security challenges in the region. Comprehension of the political values institutionalized in these bureaucratic, military, and economic vested interests is useful for understanding the political communication topography today. These vested interests embody the international political trends that set the global political framework for what is today, called globalization. The US Trump administration’s conservative populism politically compels it to maintain and intensify the post-Cold War general thrust of US foreign policy in Eurasia and the world: defense and expansion of unilateral US global hegemonic political predominance. It is manifested in the intensification of pressure against perceived challengers to US global influence. Trump’s populist rhetoric of radical change serves essentially a legitimation function to reinforce the primacy of these vested interests in the US foreign policy making process, thus intensifying this general thrust.